Numéro
J. Phys. France
Volume 51, Numéro 22, novembre 1990
Page(s) 2581 - 2593
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/jphys:0199000510220258100
J. Phys. France 51, 2581-2593 (1990)
DOI: 10.1051/jphys:0199000510220258100

On the applicability of the rotational diffusion model in liquid crystalline solvents. A nuclear magnetic relaxation study of toluene

J. Bulthuis et L. Plomp

Department of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Chemical Laboratory, Vrije Universiteit, de Boelelaan 1083, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands


Abstract
The model of rotational diffusion in the presence of an orienting potential has been adapted to the case of an asymmetric top molecule in an orienting potential that is defined by two ordering parameters. It has been used to describe the relaxation by the quadrupolar mechanism of the deuterons in toluene, dissolved in « Phase V ». No set of diffusion constants could be found, which simultaneously reproduce all spectral densities that were derived from the measured relaxation rates. Only very approximate agreement could be obtained with sets of diffusion constants in which two constants are of the same order of magnitude and the diffusion about the axis in the plane of the benzene ring and perpendicular to the axis of the methylgroup, is slower by an order of magnitude. The anisotropy in the viscosity of the solution has not explicitly been taken into account, but it has been indicated how this might be done. At this stage, therefore, no definitive conclusions can be drawn, but clearly the application of the rotational diffusion model in liquid crystalline solutions should be considered with care.

PACS
6610C - Diffusion and thermal diffusion.
6130G - Orientational order of liquid crystals; electric and magnetic field effects on order.
7660E - Relaxation effects.

Key words
diffusion in liquids -- liquid crystals -- molecular reorientation -- nuclear magnetic resonance -- organic compounds